Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Impact of Stress on Health Essay - 1517 Words

(AC 1) Stress is defined as the state when people are experiencing difficulties in coping with the situations they are in due to the lacking of abilities or knowledge to handle them (Anxiety UK, ND). These situations are often referred as stressors. The way how individuals are reacting to these stressors is referred as stress response. Stress does not directly causes infections or ill-health to a person. Instead, the products produced in the process of stress interfere with the usual operations of the immune system. Numerous studies have proved that stress has an immunosuppressive effect, which means the functions of the immune system is reduced when an individual is experience stress (Gross et al., 2008). Corticosteroids are initially†¦show more content†¦Major life changes such as getting married and getting pregnant due to the drastic change to the daily routines and in order to overcome these changes, the individuals might need to readjust their priorities and lifestyle. Another reason why major life changes cause stress is often these changes put individuals in situations that they might have less or no control of, for example, infertility and disabilities. Another common cause of stress is looking after relatives with long-term illnesses or disabilities. This type of stress is often chronic. If the c arers provide constant high level of care, they are more likely to become ill or even disabled according to Carers UK (2012). This is because they often do not have enough rest and they may have given up their previous lifestyle to care for their relatives, therefore, they are more likely to experience stress and this may lead to depression and emotional breakdown. (AC 3) The General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) is a theory introduced by Hans Selye. There are behavioural, cognitive and physiological features in each stages of GAS. The physiological aspect of the individuals dominates the alarm stage. Due to the release of hormones such as adrenaline, they stimulate different changes in the body such as increase heart rate and blood pressure in preparation of the body to ‘fight or flight’ the situations. However, if the person cannot cope with the changes in their body, this could be fatal as it may cause shock orShow MoreRelatedThe Impact of Stress on Health Essay2044 Words   |  9 Pages   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   People seeking a higher education are under extreme stress and dont even realize it. They are dealing with the high cost of a college education and are being pressured to quickly get through college and into the workforce. Many students are working extra jobs to help pay for their tuition while still taking a full load of courses. They have their time and resources stretched so thin that they find it hard to manage college life. 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